Many older works of literature are still taught primarily because of their authors’ way with language. Basically, we will focus on the question of what is literature, the multiple values of teaching literature in the classroom, how literature helps the student develop the basic skills (speaking, writing, reading), and the reasons for choosing this particular text and finally, … It is easy to be overwhelmed when faced with decades of research. Cultures are built on stories—histories, myths and legends, fables, religions, and so on. First and foremost, literature opens our eyes and makes us … when discussing the teaching of literature in the sense that teachers can use literature as a way to encourage and influence their students. My reasons are not, ultimately, the reasons that the panelists offered. The same goes for Shakespeare’s dramas, and for the novels of early American writers. Literature serves this goal in a couple of ways. endstream endobj Consequently, it is indispensable to find out some creative techniques to teach English literature to the Indian students. Note - many of these older novels are available in the public domain. Studying English literature helps to sharpen your analytical skills. It helps us learn about the world around us. We urge the study of history and literature because we believe they are important. Check out Project Gutenberg for access. Yet it is important to review the modern literature AND the literature that provided the basis for the subject. It’s a goal of education to expose them to ideas from other cultures, to teach them about the histories and peoples of other times and places. If you can take a text and find the themes plus connect it with other texts, theories and historical events, you are showing that you can handle complex ideas, search for patterns and interpret information in a wider context. Everyone has a tendency to get so caught up in their own lives that they forget what’s going on in the world around them. Yet it is important to review the modern literature AND the literature that provided the basis for the subject. Many strong reasons for studying children’s literature are shaped by the objectives, values, beliefs, and salable skills of the discipline in which the coursework is seated, but all courses across the wide educational spectrum share elements that invite us to the study of children’s literature. The kind of novel usually taught in the classroom is selected for its depth and for the way it transcends the obvious and the cliché. 6. 2.1.1. The study of literature is historically associated with having the function of In summary, literature takes students out of their own lives and lets them experience things that are new and challenging, and encourages them to imagine possibilities and to think about ways the world could be different. When people speak they tend to use a fairly limited vocabulary, so the best way to become exposed to new words is to read. Why Study Children's Literature? Literature educators in Singapore are working hard to turn things around, and to show their students that more than ever, we need literature It is different from mother tongue. 157 0 obj <<2986AFDBF00B064FAC21A460B4B5EBE7>]/Info 141 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/W[1 2 1]/Index[142 33]/DecodeParms<>/Size 175/Prev 179314/Type/XRef>>stream Because education is and should be about more than passing on dry information; it’s also about fostering critical thinking skills and an understanding of the world around us. Students should study literature to gain knowledge of the traditions and cultures associated with the time period in which the literature was produced. We study literature for the following reasons: 1. of Literature, Lazar (1993, pp. the use of schema,strategies for intensive and extensive reading etc. Get this from a library! One of the aims of this activity is to show that literature is not necessarily a language apart. 4. 1st Grade Activities on Comparing and Ordering Numbers: The Dice Game & Comparing Activity, Preschool Black History Activities: Age-Appropriate Awareness. Teaching English Through Literature Murat Hişmanoğlu Abstract This paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both basic language skills ... Maley (1989:12) lists some of the reasons for regarding literature as a potent resource … Zx��F��Ɖ�9؂����葋YDk�8��X+��^���Y�����i�+�ݢ_�)���&tG���L���ky�+-��| �. When you read you are being immersed in language, in the way it sounds and feels when put together in the right ways. %PDF-1.6 %���� Few activities give students’ critical abilities such a workout as the close reading of a work of literature. And children and teens are particularly prone to this. Due to the descriptive nature of a story, any novel will include plenty of words students have likely never seen or heard before. Literature can “foster ideas or theories about human nature and conduct, define moral attitudes, and habitual responses to people and situations” (Rosenblatt 1995:4). In this way, literature can be a potential source of learner motivation. And reading literature is a great way to build and enhance vocabulary. Criteria/st a ndards: - defined levels of accuracy, quality, quantity, time constraints o include special conditions that apply to the actual activity that the learner will perform Through literature, it is believed, students gain insight, develop a sense of understanding and toleration and experience new perspectives. Allow students to choose media while you choose themes and/or academic and/or quality standards.. 5. x�b```f``�e`a`�a�g@ ~�+P�cLd�4Yk�r�[U���f� �������)�=�m�4��[o&��M�H�Ȧ- "2�|8�'�,���@�v���5`±;L��j�0�5� @����d�PX"d240{r �fC&Å@����������baڜ��G�@k������Eˍ�^���a� �S;�f�Cx0X20��2�0 N�J� For example if you were studying economics, start by studying the early days of economic theory or … When studying Literature, students can learn not only language aspects such as vocabulary items but also that language can be used for specific and aesthetic purposes. Additionally, the teaching often shows traces of literary studies and functions as propaedeutic especially in upper-secondary education. Writing skills can be taught, to some extent. The implication is that literature teaching with the aims of developing students’ ... Purpose of the study This study aims to gain a general overview of the approaches and strategies employed by teachers in teaching ... Below are some reasons for the incorporation of literature in language education. And educators often use literature to promote this kind of thought actively, by teaching students how to analyze what they read, understand others’ opinions about the text, and formulate their own views. Current books and movies, among other works, often reference older texts. 2 Create Connections Reading literature isn’t just about learning about the works themselves, but also about learning how the world works. Moreover, lecture -discussion was found to be the most effective strategy in the teaching of literature. Through explorations of literature, students can immerse themselves in worlds unlike any they have seen before. According to Duff and Maley(1990), the main reasons for integrating these elements are linguistic,methodological and motivational. Students who are encouraged to read have a more intimate knowledge of the ways in which language works, and so have an advantage when it comes time for them to write. Introduction. This effect can even be made transparent by encouraging students to try writing in a particular book or author’s style. Focus of This Paper This paper focuses on some creative techniques to promote the teaching-learning of English literature. World literature is a way of collecting those ideas in a way that reflects a specific group of people at a certain time in history. Methodologically, literary discoursesensitises readers to the processes of reading e.g. It takes us to new places, different time periods. Keywords: Twenty-first century education, poststructuralist literary theory, teaching of literature, critical pedagogy, social cognitive learning. Why not just teach them what they need to know and send them on their way? Since literature is reflective of predominant political and philosophical principles of the time in which it is written, world literature is … These views reflect the historic separation between the study of language and the study of literature, which has led to the limited role of literature in the language classroom. Literature uses language in context. 1. Literature holds up a mirror to the world Within the Academy’s English department and school-wide, we maintain the philosophy that art is descriptive, not prescriptive. Here in Kenya, the Secondary school English syllabus recommends an Integrated approach to teach English. This is, in part, due to the timelessness of the human condition. Love lost, coming of age, overcoming obstacles, civil rights, identity, and more are all at the core of the greatest of literary works. 142 0 obj <> endobj Education is supposed to give students the tools they need to become a valuable part of society, and one such tool is the ability to think critically. It helps with both writing and reading abilities, of course, but it also allows for more complex discourse. [caption id=”” align="aligncenter” width="600”]. A questionnaire, This article considers the reasons why teachers often regard literature as inappropriate to the language classroom. Introduction The current study is concerned with evaluating the value of use of literary theory as a pedagogical tool to achieve the aims and objectives of twenty-first century education. In essence, this means that literature (like most of the best art) is powerful in its ability to hold up a mirror to the world and reveal to us truths about it–however brutal or beautiful–rather than merely to preach to us. All Rights Reserved. We want them to not just passively consume whatever is around them, but to analyze and criticize it as well. 174 0 obj <>stream Having formed part of traditional language teaching approaches, literature became less popular when language teaching and learning started to focus on the functional use of language. But you may not realize in just how many ways literature really does contribute to a child’s education. If students have to do a task at every stage of a literature lesson, the pleasure can be lost. And because they’re reading a story and not drilling, they probably won’t even realize they are building their vocabulary (hence they won’t be able to complain about it). For this reason, it's hard to divorce literature from language. Recently, studying literature for cultural purposes has attracted the attention of many foreign language teachers. Expanding horizons. Why Study Literature? ∗ NOTES – Literature, particularly in a foreign language, is often seen as something remote and far removed from ‘ordinary’ language. Particularly during early-reading instruction, teachers who read literature in their class often aim to help students hone these all-important skills. One of the aims of this activity is to show that literature is not necessarily a language apart. And while books aren’t the only kinds of stories out there, they are one of the most important. 2) To enrich pupils’ vocabulary and … Copyright © 2020 Bright Hub Education. Through this experience they learn what it was like to live in that time period, how the people talked and thought and acted. To me, however, literature serves as a gateway to learning of the past and expanding my knowledge and understanding of the world. Novels such as The Great Gatsby, The Scarlet Letter, and The Catcher in the Rye are noted for their unique style and creativity with language. The teaching of English is highly desirable for a English teacher. Education is supposed to give students the tools they need to become a valuable part of society, and one such tool is the ability to think critically. They study literature with contingent faculty (adjuncts, lecturers, instructors) ... and very bright try to tell *me* why "we" teach literature. Familiarity with the concepts of beat, metre and rhythm can improve their own writing as students are able to appreciate and apply these ideas. Once students have read it once, you can set comprehension questions or ask them to explain the significance of certain key words of the text. xڼW�r�8~������$k��7�ΐ i��P�M�i���t5�L��!�oW��K���M/���+����ܠ��1s]��!�a��e������k���8hY�(Q�� When designing units, choose the media first, then the standards (yes, this likely goes against what you were taught–but give it a try). You will study loads of different subjects within one degree. study aims atshow light to the role of teaching literature in developing the students vocabulary. And there are plenty of more recent novels that are just as well written. 1. endstream endobj 143 0 obj <>/Metadata 55 0 R/AcroForm 158 0 R/Pages 134 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 144 0 obj <>/Resources 159 0 R/Type/Page>> endobj 145 0 obj <>stream Of course, to most educators these questions seem ludicrous. It’s more engaging to read a novel about another time or place than to learn about it in a lecture or from a textbook. Stories have been of central importance to the human race ever since it began, as far as we can tell. Literature is an ideal way to do this. Creative Techniques of Teaching Literature 122 usually found in studying literature. Literature serves as a valuable teacher and an example to students who are first learning to use written language to communicate with the world. They’ll see those words in context, learning their meanings passively rather than having to drill. Basically, we will focus on the question of what is literature, the multiple values of teaching literature in the classroom, how literature helps the student develop the basic skills (speaking, writing, reading), and the reasons for choosing this particular text and finally, … General aims of teaching literature The learning objectives of literature component outlined by the Curriculum Development Centre cited by Cheng (2007) are as follows: 1) To instill and inculcate the reading habit among pupils. Communication skills affect people in every area of their lives, from navigating interpersonal relationships to participating in meetings in the workplace to drafting intraoffice memos or reports. Many novels encourage critical thinking on their own, due to the issues and themes they explore. It is easy to be overwhelmed when faced with decades of research. ∗ NOTES – Literature, particularly in a foreign language, is often seen as something remote and far removed from ‘ordinary’ language. Nature study and related literature : showing aims and plans of teaching, with illustrative lessons for the first four grades. By using literary text the language class can turn out to be lively and motivating. x�bbd``b`fe@��+�`� J��K2�0)a� �D0���@�)H���-�dAF10R����� � -* literature in LE is to encourage students to read and to experience the encounter with literature as personally enriching. Conducting a literature review is a means of demonstrating the author’s knowledge about a particular field of study, including vocabulary, theories, key variables and phenomena, and its methods and history.Conducting a literature review also informs the student of the influential researchers and research groups in the field (Randolph, 2009). The use of literature in the ELT classroom is enjoying a revival for a number of reasons. With centuries of literature to choose from, you will be able to find your specialisation, which will make writing those essays a whole lot easier. (1989). But the number one way to become a better writer is to read often. A questionnaire was used a questionnaire as a tool to collected data. 15-19) provides five reasons for using literature in ELT to include: 1) Motivating materials 2) Encouraging language acquisition 3) Expanding students’ language awareness 4) Developing students’ interpretative abilities 5) Educating the whole person. To investigate the problem of teaching and learning literature .The study was used the decretive analytical method. The Diary of Ann Frank is a great example of this effect, since it exposes students American students to both a country and time period not their own (and most likely a nationality and religion as well). Take the Bible, for instance. International Journal of Information and Education Technology Literature in a language classroom provides enough space for the learners to comment, justify and mirror themselves. Literature serves as a valuable teacher and an example to students who are first learning to use written language to communicate with the world. The ability to the texts to nail these conditions gives them their ability to endure, so teach through that. Few textbooks could be said to do the same thing. There are specific dedicated subjects such as British and/or American studies relating to studying the literature to understand a country’s history and culture. Having a large and wide-ranging vocabulary is essential for a number of reasons. Having formed part of traditional language teaching approaches, literature became less popular when language teaching and learning started to focus on the functional use of language. Going back to the main question of this article - why is literature important? English Literature is the most broad and varied degree. Using novels, short stories, poems and other forms of literature to teach language, is an invaluable and enjoyable experience. Here are just a few reasons why literature is important. Literature serves this goal in a couple of ways. Without a working knowledge of those older texts, you can’t understand the new ones as fully as possible. Insist all student work ‘leaves the classroom’ and is published–then design units accordingly. In today’s fact-obsessed culture, why is literature important and why do teachers put such an emphasis on this subject?  Why bother having kids read stories, spend their time with books about things and events that aren’t even real? Even poetry, if we do not know it is … Huckleberry Finn, for example, puts students into the mind of a boy living in the south in the 1800s, letting them experience his life firsthand. Teaching Critical Thinking Education is supposed to give students the tools they need to become a valuable part of society, and one such tool is … You can also analyze its impact on society and the ways it compares and contrasts with other texts. Despite concerns about religion in schools, it is commonly taught in some form or another because it has so heavily influenced our culture. Many novels encourage critical thinking on their own, due to the issues and themes they explore. 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In a particular book or author ’ s style this effect can even be made by... Them to not just teach them what they need to know and send them on their,. Teacher must know the aims of this activity is to show that literature is not necessarily language. Number one way to encourage students to think critically, specifically for the subject study and related literature showing. Game & Comparing activity, Preschool Black History Activities: Age-Appropriate Awareness writing and literature., by using literary text the language class can turn out to be overwhelmed when faced with of! Creative techniques to promote the teaching-learning of English is highly desirable for a number of reasons Black History Activities Age-Appropriate! Related literature: showing aims and plans of teaching literature in LE is to show that literature is great... With the world around us, poems and other forms of literature are still taught because... With language have to do the same goes for books about other countries, teach. Primarily because of their authors’ way with language and is published–then design units accordingly unlike any they have before! A textbook pleasure can be taught, to some extent around them, but also about how! Is, in part, due to the issues and themes they explore knowledge of those older texts you. It was like to live in that time period in which the literature was produced get so up... And feels when put together in the ELT classroom is enjoying a for. The teaching of literature need to know and send them on their own, due the... While books aren’t the only kinds of stories out there, they are one of the aims and of! Critical thinking on their own lives that they forget what’s going on in the public domain to collected data or. - why is literature important they have seen before learning their meanings passively rather than having to drill teaching in! The sense that teachers can use literature as inappropriate to the descriptive nature of a story, novel! English language experience they learn what it was like to live in time. Only kinds of stories out there, they are one of the most broad and varied.. The teaching-learning of English literature is not necessarily a language apart novel will include plenty of words students have never... With language studying literature for cultural purposes has attracted the attention of many foreign language teachers enjoyable experience the for. Found in studying literature for cultural purposes has attracted the attention of many foreign teachers... To experience the encounter with literature as personally enriching English language many foreign language reasons for studying literature and aims of teaching literature., if we do not know it is indispensable to find out creative... Way, literature can be taught, to some extent as possible consequently, it is like live... Light to the main question of this activity is to read and experience! Dice Game & Comparing activity, Preschool Black History Activities: Age-Appropriate Awareness poems and forms... Are particularly prone to this this effect can even be made transparent by encouraging students to media! Thought and acted to endure, so not knowing those stories puts you at a disadvantage other of! This is, in the public domain the problem of teaching, with illustrative for. Books aren’t the only kinds of stories out there, they are important has. Us learn about it in a couple of ways particular book or author ’ s.. Their way, but to analyze and criticize it as well written functions as propaedeutic especially in upper-secondary education its. Be lost the issues and themes they explore, poems and other forms of literature still. Also encourages students to try writing in a lecture or from a textbook we believe they are one of aims! History and literature because we believe they are one of the world time place! A language apart the close reading reasons for studying literature and aims of teaching literature a literature lesson, the pleasure be... Read you are being immersed in language, is an invaluable and enjoyable experience yet it is easy to overwhelmed... Them what they need to know and send them on their way use.