Collagen protein firms up the skin for a healthier younger look. Flaky skin is not entirely bad for your skin as it is only dead skin in most cases. (1975). Choosing a selection results in a full page refresh. If you are just looking for a proper skin care regimen, then just use a serum that has been heavily researched with a balance of healthy oils and extracts. Shop the 29 best vitamin C serums for brighter, glowing skin in 2020. The insouciance towards marketing is the reason why I don't use argan oil in my products. Vitamin C's ability to readily donate electrons, and thus acting as an anti-oxidant also means that it readily reacts with other molecules, which has consequences that aren't always good. Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that soothes your skin and provides relief from skin burning caused by inflammation. Why risk your skin’s health for something that we will probably all cradle our face in our hands 20 years from now at the very thought of using? So, please, I am going into this as unbiased as I can. Vitamin C is the most abundant antioxidant in your skin and is essential for the production of collagen.. Antioxidants, such as vitamin C, co-exist to protect your skin from free radicals, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), that are formed when your skin is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Start by cleansing and toning your … You can still use it if you want, but it won’t do as much for your skin and, “very rarely, oxidized vitamin C products can even cause slight yellow discoloration of the skin,” Dr. Hogan says. One of the Vitamin C serum side effects is the exfoliation. And this is cause for concern given that it has a stronger effect on turning vitamin C into a pro-oxidant than iron. According to the FDA, iron is a significant pollutant in the air and in the water, and from recent research from the University of Birmingham: "Human activities may have led to an increase of atmospherically soluble iron in the oceans by several times since the Industrial Revolution.". In the presence of catalytic metals, vitamin C reacts with those metals causing a pro-oxidant effects, specifically, vitamin C reacts with oxygen, producing superoxide that subsequently dismutes to produce harmful by-products such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Vitamin C serum is a natural skin care ingredient that is often found in high-end beauty regimes, and Vitamin C serums, creams and lotions are popping up everywhere. Lastly, niacinamide works best at a slightly higher pH range (4.5-5.5) than vitamin C (4.5 and under). (And a damn good one too!) That brown color happened because the serum oxidized, and oxidation occurs in all serums containing vitamin C. Oxidation is a destructive process (this is how rust occurs), and when you put a vitamin C serum on your skin, it will cause oxidation and skin damage. Take scurvy, for instance. 9, (dilute for damaged skin) To rebuild, repair and strengthen skin, including collagen. OUMERE Skin Care is not intended to diagnose, cure or treat any ailment. Smell: Vitamin C serum is typically odorless. OUMERE products do not contain any ingredients that would cause oxidation to the skin, which is why our products act as anti-inflammatory agents and have been reported to reduce redness, inflammation and improve the signs of rosacea and other inflammatory skin ailments. After your skin looks like it has improved, follow the following routine: No. Serum Bioluminelle for balancing skin's oils, anti-aging and locking in hydration, which is key for maintaining skin's structural integrity and preventing damage. It is for the very reason highlighted above: marketing, scientists with no advanced knowledge of biology but are rather acting as "cooks in the kitchen", and companies driven by sales is why every major brand on the market has a vitamin C serum. However, when vitamin C absorbs free radicals, it becomes dehydroascorbic acid, and then decays. They also tend to be gentler, due to their non-acidic pH levels. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, I personally do not use niacinamide with vitamin C. the two compounds combined (L-ascorbic acid and niacinamide) may generate pro-oxidant hydrogen peroxide. It contains absorbic acid (15% vol.). If not stabilized, vitamin C and other antioxidants can become oxidized upon prolonged exposure to light or air, turning brown. Effective vitamin C serum will be clear in color but may have a slightly white tint. UV-R for anti-inflammation and hydration. When vitamin C acts as a pro-oxidant, the consequences include irritation, inflammation, collagen and elastin breakdown, and acne. Taking a vitamin when you are not deficient in that vitamin means that your body will get rid of the vitamin in the form of waste. What really happens is a group of businesspeople, marketers, and advertisers sit in a room, and this panel debates ingredients to put in their latest product based on the trendiest buzzwords and marketable content in the industry at the moment. Vitamin C Serums Do Not Become Pro-Oxidant, Antioxidants Just Decay. Press the space key then arrow keys to make a selection. And this means that dietary vitamin C may not promote vitamin C synthesis as it normally does. A. Vitamin C can also become a pro-oxidant when in contact with metal. Each molecule of vitamin C contains two electrons available for use. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders Account Returns & Orders Vitamin C on its own can act as an anti-oxidant. Therefore, if one product out of 50 in a brand's line contain essential oils, cayenne pepper, or any other damaging ingredients, then the line is not trustworthy and doesn’t deserve your hard-earned money. With 15% pure vitamin C, hyaluronic acid, and jasmonate deritives, Lancôme's vitamin C serum will help even your skin tone and protect the skin barrier from free radicals with … The purpose of this blog is for skin care-related reviews and tips only. Vitamin C serums are used to "promote collagen synthesis", which isn't possible when done through skin care. It reduces fine lines, battles signs of aging, boosts collagen production, and protects your skin from free radicals. Statements made herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. On the other hand, I personally do not use niacinamide with vitamin C. Unlike EDTA, copper, or phosphate, niacinamide is generally present in quality skincare products in concentrations of 1-5%. I advise just using the UV-R serum for a couple days because its high concentration of anti-inflammatory extracts will calm you skin down and reverse the oxidative damage caused by the vitamin C serums. The concern with combining copper and vitamin C is greater (by some research) than combining iron with vitamin C. From Buettner and Jurkiewicz: “But because copper is -80 times more efficient as a catalyst for ascorbate oxidation than iron, in typical phosphate buffers it is the adventitious copper that is the biggest culprit in catalyzing ascorbate oxidation.”. The Fenton reaction is the pivotal reaction in the oxidation of membrane lipids and amino acids, and in the reactions where biological reduction agents are present, such as vitamin C. Our skin comes into contact with iron every day. I don’t worry that much, though, about vitamin C with what are typically trace amounts of ingredients like EDTA, copper, or phosphate. So if vitamin C naturally promotes collagen as part of normal biological functioning, and this is one of the reasons why we need it dietarily, if you are not deficient, you are not going to see a boost in collagen when you get more vitamin C. Thats a physical impossibility. It does all of this through topical application. What doesn’t happen is a bunch of biologists and associated scientists with profound knowledge on skin care and health pour through countless published studies, weighing the pros and cons of each ingredient, go through countless experiments and human testing, and after several years formulate a product based on their sound results, and then bring it to the head of a company to sign off on. Before I go into this, yes, I know that I sell a vitamin C serum. This brown color leads people to think that the vitamin C serum may be pro-oxidant and damaging to the skin, but this is not the case. For maximum stability, serums with L-ascorbic have to have low pH levels (less than 3.5), meaning it’s more acidic. 1. Using a vitamin C serum will not have the effect of boosting collagen if you are not deficient in vitamin C, but for those who are deficient (at any time) it will desensitize your body from making collagen. There is no way around iron pollution coming in contact with your skin. Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that works wonders for the skin. Now, with that said, there was an article on the Oumere blog promoting the idea that vitamin C serums are bad for your skin. And as far as high-quality serums go, this one happens to be comparably wallet-friendly. Vitamin C is also a known brightener and using it regularly has the ability to even out skin tone. " How to Choose a Vitamin C Serum. Posts are not intended to diagnose, treat, or cure disease. Just don’t pick them off as it can lead to pulling off live skin, … Furthermore, you as the consumer need to do your research because in order to have a trustworthy line, all of their ingredients in all of their products need to be safe. Science Advances, 2017; 3 (3): e1601749 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601749. Experts say to go with a vitamin C serum—because it really works. Air pollution aspects of iron and its compounds. Many of these products also cost an arm and a leg. Its cause is a deficiency in vitamin C. If vitamin C did in fact produce a tachyphylaxis-like effect, with the same dose causing less collagen to be produced over time not only in our skin but in our internal organs and blood vessels as well, we would all be screwed. Beat uneven skin tone and dullness with Drunk Elephant’s vitamin C serum, another personal favorite of DeSantis. And I also believe that you shouldn’t use vitamin C serums with niacinamide, but aside from that, I don’t worry too much about combining them with much else. Ceolin, V., Ghia, C. (2014). Each molecule of vitamin C contains two electrons available for use. After loss of a second electron, the resulting oxidation product, dehydroascorbic acid, can be regenerated or may decay (Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2003). Receive a complimentary Travel Set with your OUMERE purchase of $400 or more. Buettner, G. R., & Jurkiewicz, B. Also, be skeptical of serums that are yellow or brown in color. When I look at things from the biological viewpoint, I am primarily concerned with alleviating skin maladies (caused by skin care) and making skin its healthiest using ingredients that are safe, scientific, and effective. Vitamin C serum can become a pro-oxidant when exposed to atmospheric oxygen, so just by living on Earth you are putting yourself at risk when wearing a Vitamin C serum. None of which translates to skin health but rather to marketability. they form a 1:1 complex that turns the solution yellow, rendering both compounds useless. It is not intended as and does not substitute for medical advice. But we cannot always take a produ… One of the most common questions I get asked by customers is, "when is OUMERE going to make a vitamin C serum?" Talk to our experts by calling 1 … There is also iron and other metals in makeup and sunscreen, which can further compound the oxidizing effect of vitamin C serums. Vitamin C also appears to decrease the loss of water in skin cells and increase skin’s softness and elasticity. When vitamin C encounters iron a biological reaction, known as the Fenton reaction, is initiated. So if you have any of these skin ailments, and are using a vitamin C serum, then its time to re-think your regimen. So when you eat foods high in vitamin C, you get the health benefit of the vitamin donating electrons, and thus preventing oxidation of tissue, lipids, protein, and DNA. A pro-oxidant is the opposite of an antioxidant. The only way to safely boost collagen in the body is by preserving the collagen you have, and this is done through healthy lifestyle choices and proper skin care. Secondly, niacinamide and vitamin C neutralize one another. Puri, P., Nandar, S. K., Kathuria, S., & Ramesh, V. (2017). Cosmetic Skin Solutions Vitamin C + E Serum Advanced Formula. Once it gets exposed to light and air vitamin C starts breaking down, and you’ll know it’s gone bad when it not only stops doing all those things you bought it to but also tints your face/clothes/pillows like a bad fake tan. However, phosphates contain both trace sources of iron and copper, both of which elicit a pro-oxidant reaction from vitamin C. If you ever had to use a certain medication long-term you may have noticed that the effects were most pronounced in the beginning, and waned over several months of use. EDTA contains 9.7-19.4 uM of iron per 50mM sample, which is enough to elicit the Fenton reaction described above. And my final word is that skin care is just like every other industry out there, and every industry is just looking for the latest and greatest way to take your money. When the first is used, the resulting molecule actually becomes more stable than other free radicals and can serve as a free-radical scavenger. That said, this fact does not make me a completely biased writer — if I found convincing evidence that vitamin C serums were in fact bad for your skin, I would immediately pull it from the market, and replace it with something else. Effects of air pollution on the skin: A review. Platinum nanoparticles inhibit antioxidant effects of vitamin C via ascorbate oxidase-mimetic activity. Chen, C., Fan, S., Li, C., Chong, Y., Tian, X., Zheng, J., ... & Yin, J. J. The Fenton Reaction: pro-oxydant role of vitamin C. Accessed November 30, 2017. Let’s, for the sake of brevity, just take 3 common ingredients found in cosmetics: EDTA is a common preservative used in food, household cleaners, laboratory specimens, and in cosmetics. Small but mighty, this serum gifts skin with radiance and renewed vitality. This is due to the pro-oxidant effect of vitamin C in skin care. Vitamin C is a beauty-boosting antioxidant that’s known for stimulating your skin’s collagen production, brightening dark spots, and repairing free … (1996). Otherwise ascorbic acid degrades much more quickly, making it inactive and therefore ineffective. The Ordinary’s serum ($12.90, Sephora.com) is a highly-stable, water-soluble vitamin C derivative that has been shown to brighten skin over time. 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