Austria has outstanding wine regions, wineries - and internationally acclaimed wines. From classification III, fortified wines (" Port ") were no longer included. For example a wine with 7g/l residual sugar must have at least 5g/l of acidity to be classed as dry. Wein: The term “Wein” replaces the formerly used term “Tafelwein" ("table wine”). The classification goes like this: 1. Trocken (dry) – max 9g/l, if there is no more than 2 g/l difference between sugar and acidity. German & Austrian Wine Terminology . The Wachau region in the Danube valley was the first to develop their system of wine classification. Südsteiermark DAC (promoted in 2018) – gelber muskateller, sauvignon blanc. At present there are three systems—the traditional system based on the German scheme, a different classification used only in the Wachau, and a new system of regional appellations called DACs that is being trialled in the Weinviertel. This article focuses on wines from Austria. It specialises in dry wines from gruner veltliner and riesling (though a very few wines with predicate are made), in a 3 tier quality system: A word on co-operatives Austrian wine key terms: 1ÖTW. The predicate levels, with increasing level of must weight, and residual sugar (RS) in the finished wine, (except 3, 4 and 5 which have the same minimum RS), are: Spatlese – made from fully ripened grapes. Qualitätswein: The term “Qualitätswein” (quality wine) is a traditional Austrian usage for wine with a designation of origin, and replaces the Community law product designation "Wein g.U." may be offered on the market exclusively in connexion with the supplemental terms “Klassik“, “Reserve“ or “Grosse Reserve” (Grande Reserve), under the appurtenant conditions laid down by decree. Ausbruch – made from grapes affected by noble rot to which healthy ripe grapes are added. Such examples may only be sold without any reference to their origin, variety or vintage. minimum alcohol level, minimum must weight etc.). Wachau DAC (status awarded May 2020) – grüner veltliner, riesling. Austrian Wine Marketing Board Prinz-Eugen-Straße 34 A-1040 Vienna T: +43 1 503 92 67-0  F: +43 1 503 92 67-70  E: info@austrianwine.com. There was a time where Austrian wines … Since joining the EU the Austrians have made real efforts to improve matters. wine classification, Austria As for Germany, with an additional classification of QmP wines, ausbruch, intermediate in sweetness between beerenauslese and trockenbeerenauslese. Generally speaking, the classifications used for Austrian wines represent different “quality designations”. They are known for their high quality and for being traditionally made with native or international varieties that are well suited to the area. This three-tier classification was developed by the region's producers as a way of communicating the style of their wines, beyond region and grape variety. the wine has not been chaptalised. This caters for wines with even higher natural residual sugar, different harvesting,vinification and maturation methods. While most of Austria follows a wine classification systems based on ripeness and harvest must weight that parallels the German wine classification system, Wachau wines have a unique classification system. The best value wines from Austria based on average price and critic scores. Nearly all of Germany's vineyards are delineated and registered as one of approximately 2,600 Einzellagen ('individual sites'), and the produce from any vineyard can be used to make German wine … dry, etc), as well as the official Federal Inspection Number and name of the producer or bottler. This was called the Vinea Wachau formed in 1984 from a group of top producers in the region. Any wine growing region, DAC or not, can additionally use these 2 terms to differentiate between: red/white/red stripe pattern and state control number (example), A wine lover’s guide to Austria. Read more. The Wachau region has its own classification, since May 2020 a DAC. Qualitatswein – DAC Noch nicht überzeugt? Also under the qualitatswein umbrella are kabinett and pradikatswein, neither of which are used at the DAC level, so for example DAC Kamptal Beerenauslese Riesling does not exist. That being said, Austria is similar to Germany in that most of the wines fall under the “quality wines” category. Sehen Sie sich hier unseren, Vintage 2017: Convincing across the board, Generic quality wine: diversity & flexibility, Sekt g.U. The German wine classification system puts a strong emphasis on standardization and factual completeness, and was first implemented by the German Wine Law of 1971. Many of the white varieties of Austria are planted in field blends—a vineyard block that contains many different types of grape. DACs are legally defined quality dry wines from specified varieties, that show regional typicity and place of origin, and are produced subject to the most stringent regulations, they are, along with their most popular varieties, see for detail: Qualitatswein – Kabinett and Pradikatswein One degree KMW means 1g of sugar per 100g of grape must. It is only used by 23 wineries who are members of the Österreichischen Traditionsweingüter. Other Austrian Wines Field Blends. Read more, Around 20,000 vintners cultivate grapevines and make their own wines at all levels of quality, and for all occasions. Such wine is produced varietally or in a blend of approved varieties, grown in 1 of the 25 wine-growing regions. Land wein – this traditional term, equating to for example the pre-existing vin de pays, describes the lowest level of wine with geographical indication, and replaces the EU’s PGI/IGP classification. ( Log Out /  The classification – introduction The classification and labelling of Austrian wine is perhaps not quite so complex as that of German wine, nevertheless an indication of sweetness is all too often lacking, which can be a barrier to new consumers. In any event, the quality of Austrian wine is expressed, starting from the lowest level, as: Wein – wine quality starts in the basement, in EU terms this is wine without geographical indication, that is the equivalent of the former term table wine. Wein equates to for example, Italy’s Vino and France’s Vin de France. Here you can get all the useful information about winemaking in this country, grape varieties, classification, to get acquainted with customer reviews. pradikatswein – or wine with predicate, that is with special qualities. Source for information on wine classification, Austria: A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition dictionary. They range from Tafelwein (table wine) to Trockenbeerenauslese (really sweet wine), with many in between. Langton's Classification of Australian Wine III was published in 2000, and included 89 wines in the four categories also used for classifications IV and V; Exceptional (seven wines), Outstanding, Excellent, and Distinguished. Read more, All eyes are on Vienna! Langton’s says the classification, which is updated every four years, is compiled by analyzing the track record of fine wine in the Australian wine auction market, including prices and volume of demand over a … Steinfeder – the simplest lightest wines, fresh and fruity, with max 11.5% abv, for early drinking. Classifications II, III and IV followed at approximately five-year intervals, tracking the leading wines, and documenting the dramatic growth and increasing maturity of the Australian fine wine … In any event, the quality of Austrian wine is expressed, starting from … So kabinett and predicate wines are designated either at the generic federal state level, for example Niederosterreich or Burgenland, or at the specific growing region level, for example Wagram (Wachau is a special case, see further below): Classic and Reserve Presenting Austria's Wine Country: Small is beautiful – that is what best describes Austrian wine… Lieblich (semi-sweet) – max 45g/l. Trockenbeerenauslese – made from grapes affected exclusively by noble rot. Reserve – opulent, dry wines which are harvested later and aged longer, for example DAC Kremstal Reserve. Beerenauslese – made from selected overripe grapes together with grapes affected by noble rot (botrytis cinerea). Map of the wine regions of Austria (Courtesy the Society of Wine Educators). The wine label must contain the following information; origin, variety, vintage, quality designation, alcohol content by volume, reference to its residual sugars (i.e. Unofficial ‘premier cru’ classification for 52 of the best single vineyard sites (‘erste lage’) in Kamptal, Kremstal, Traisental and Wagram. Any indication of a more detailed geographic entity than the winegrowing area or a product designation other than Landwein (in particular “Wine with Protected Geographical Indication”) is not permitted. The best and ripest grapes are used, max RS is 9g/l, 12.5% abv plus, needs plenty of time, and ages well. For more information, see Austrian Wine … The inaugural Classification, in 1990, included just 34 wines. While Riesling is the most popular grape in Germany, Grüner Veltliner, an aromatic, spicy grape, is the king of Austria. And then the real work begins — to persuade the Austrian Wine Marketing board to enshrine their classification in law. Best Value Austrian wines: the region, the grapes, the producers and the best prices for the wines. Any wine growing region, DAC or not, can additionally use these 2 terms to differentiate between: Generic RS indicators The indication of the product designation “Wine with Protected Designation of Origin” or its abbreviation on the label is not permitted. These complement the development of the DAC classification, which Willi Klinger, head of the Austrian Wine Marketing Board, has been developing with dogged persistence and the co-operation of local growers’ associations since he took up office in 2007 (the first Districtus Austria Controllatus was created in 2002). 3 Classification of Austrian wines 0. Most of the wine in Austria comes from the eastern side of the country by Vienna. 5 Qualitätsstufe 0. the content of unfermented sugar is 9 g/l maximum. ... Its members set themselves the goal of classifying the outstanding vineyard sites in Austria, in order to provide the consumer with an element of orientation in navigating the great diversity of origins in the world of wine. Qualitätswein may be presented for sale under the designation “ Kabinett ” or “Kabinettwein” when: the juice of the grapes achieves a minimum must weight of 17 °KMW. Austria's wine classification is strongly based around grape ripeness (must weight). Brook, S. Decanter Magazine pp.108:114, June 2016. Be the first one to know the latest news in the world of Austrian Wine! Read more, Our database contains detailed information on around 4,000 producers that bottle wine themselves. Vineyard Classification. potential alcohol content amounts to 13 % maximum. If the yield is larger, then the total volume must be declassified as a wine without origin. (“Wine with Protected Designation of Origin”). 1 Austria vs Germany: Wine Classification 0. Carnuntum DAC (promoted in 2019) – blaufränkisch, zweigelt, chardonnay, grüner veltliner, weissburgunder. In past years, Austrian wines have been lumped in with their neighbors Germany and Alsace, but recently the Austrian Wine industry has taken America by storm, gaining headway with its most popular grape: Grüner Veltliner a.k.a. The classification – introduction The classification and labelling of Austrian wine is perhaps not quite so complex as that of German wine, nevertheless an indication of sweetness is all too often lacking, which can be a barrier to new consumers. 4 New Austrian wine classifications 0. Read more, The Austrian winegrowing country from its best side. We are delighted that you have chosen to visit our Austrian wine website. The first of those laws was introduced in 1855s "Bordeaux Wine Official Classification" which catalogued all best wines created in their Bordeaux region. GruV, an acidic white grape characteristically described by white pepper, … Austrian Wine Classification. - the Three-tier Quality Pyramid, Types of production processes and Levels of Dosage, Sustainable Austria - certified sustainable, Wine with protected geographical indication, Wine with protected designation of origin, Restaurant wine list by type (detail) and variety. Grüner Veltliner, Riesling and Weissburgunder are planted extensively, but Vienna also boasts a DAC (Districtus Austriae Controllatus) for its eponymous field blend, Wiener Gemischter Satz, with the rules requiring a minimum of three varieties, the main one constituting no more than half of the blend. Get to know more about Austrian wine by seeing the country’s layout and learning about its 3 top grape varieties. Neusiedlersee DAC (promoted in 2012) – zweigelt. The terms Steinfeder, Federspiel and Smaragd have been commonly found on bottles of white Wachau wine. Kremstal DAC – grüner veltliner, riesling. Kamptal DAC – grüner veltliner, riesling. Districtus Austriae Controllatus (Latin for Controlled District of Austria), DAC, is a classification for regionally typical quality wine (legal category "Qualitätswein") in Austria.It is loosely modelled on the French Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) system, and is coupled with a ripeness-based classification scale that shares a lot … Let’s make sure to get one thing straight: Austrian wine is very different from German wine. ( Log Out /  They are Exceptional, Outstanding, and Excellent. Various designations for "Qualitätswein" (specific requirements have to be met): Kabinett, Regionally typical Qualitätswein (DAC), Prädikatswein (Spätlese, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Eiswein, Strohwein/Schilfwein, Trockenbeerenauslese). Read more Strohwein – made from grapes dried off the vine, for a minimum of 3 months, raising and concentrating the sugars, acids and flavour precursors. 6 Austrian Sparkling Wines 0 Although small in size Austria produces some of the finest wines in the world, not widely available online these wines are select gems. After the anti-freeze scandal of 1985, in which some wine brokers adulterated their wines with diethylene glycol, the market for Austrian wines outside of Austria itself was devastated. Most do not use the term on the label because of the association with German wine. Landwein (land wine), generally comes from the larger winegrowing area. The bi-annual trade fair VieVinum has developed into the most important platform for presenting Austrian wine to the world. Austrian Wine - A Taste of culture. If the yield is larger, then the total volume must be declassified as a wine without origin. ( Log Out /  Austria’s wines are now highly prized both by wine experts and wine lovers all around the world. Leithaberg DAC (reds promoted in 2008, whites in 2009) – blaufränkisch, chardonnay, grüner veltliner, neuberger and weissburgunder. Read more, From large Austrian Tasting to specific Masterclasses, events for the specialist audience in important export markets are happening digital and on-site. The areas of origin for Qualitätswein are the winegrowing regions. Classification of Austrian wines – Wachau. Austrian Wine Classification. This is graded on the KMW Klosterneuberg Mostwaage scale. Austrian Sekt: “Österreichischer Sekt” (“Österreichischer Qualitätsschaumwein”) may be offered on the market under this designation only when it is produced exclusively from the 40 grape varieties permissible for the production of Qualitätswein in Austria, and is free from defects in appearance, smell and flavour. Winzer Krems – based at Krems in Kremstal DAC, about 1000 growers farm 1000ha, with gruner veltliner, riesling and a little chardonnay, blaufrankisch and zweigelt. Sekt with protected designation of origin (Sekt mit geschützter Ursprungsbezeichnung): In principle, the regulation applies that Austrian Sekt g.U. Change ), Interesting wines, great reads, things worth knowing …, wine without geographical indication, that is the equivalent of the former termÂ. Such wines originate from 1 of the 3 macro level wine-growing areas of Weinland (the far north-east), Steierland (the far south-east) and Bergland (the remainder to the west up to the Swiss border). Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Regional wine classification were introduced to monitor the state and authenticity of wines created at a specific locations (estates and vineyards) in the world. Where "Austria" is written on the outside, Austria must be inside, too; only this can guarantee the top image of Austrian products in the future and around the world. The Austrian wine law defines a maximum yield of 9,000 kg of grapes or 6,750 litres of wine per hectare for Landwein (land wine), Qualitätswein (quality wine) and Prädikatswein (classed quality wines). • Hintergrundinformationen Austrian wines are quite similar to German wines. • Gesetzesänderungen When describing why a wine falls into a certain category in terms of its technical sweetness, we will … 2 Winemonger Wine Merchant 3.  There is a little pinot blanc, pinot noir and zweigelt. There is a distinctive tension common to all these wines which should be emphasised, based on seven factors. Federspiel – comparable to kabinett quality, Federspiel has more body with 11.5-12.5% abv, and needs a couple of years ageing. Grapes for kabinett have the lowest must weight requirement of qualitatswein. Schilcherland (previously Weststeiermark) DAC , for pink wine (promoted in 2018). Classification VII lists 136 wines divided into three levels. There is a distinctive tension common to all these wines which should be emphasised, based on seven factors.